The improving thick film properties of Er2O3 doping fcc-ZrO2 type solid electrolyte for SOFC applications

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Yıldız E., Ozdal H., Kepenek S. A., Türkoğlu O.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY, vol.17, no.3, pp.1293-1303, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijac.13340
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1293-1303
  • Keywords: Er2O3, oxide ionic electrical conductivity, solid oxide fuel cell, spin coating, thick film, ZrO2, ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES, STABILIZED ZIRCONIA, CONDUCTIVITY, FABRICATION, PURE, ER3+
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the binary system of (ZrO2)(1-)(x)(Er2O3)(x) was investigated in the doping range of x; 0.02 <= x <= 0.12 by the Pechini method. According to X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement results, Er2O3 doping face-centered cubic (fcc) ZrO2-based solid solution was stabilized in the doping range of 0.08 <= x <= 0.12 at 1200 degrees C for 12 hours. Thick films of fcc-ZrO2 type powders were produced using ethyl cellulose organic binder mixture and spin-coating method. The crystallographic, microstructural, and electrical conductivity properties of the thick films were characterized via XRD, SEM, and a.c. impedance measurements, respectively. 8-ESZ ((ZrO2)(1-)(x)(Er2O3)(x), x = 0.08) thick film electrolyte showed the highest electrical conduction level which is 2.51 x 10(-2) ohm(-1) cm(-1) at 850 degrees C under 150 mL min(-1) O-2 volumetric flow rate. All thick film properties of fcc-ESZ materials were optimized and improved experimentally for using as a solid electrolyte component in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems. A pre-treatment of 8-ESZ and the cathode-supported type electrochemical cell were primarily fabricated. The power density measurements of 40-LNF (LaNi1-xFexO3, x = 0.4) Cathode|Cathode Active (50:50 wt % 40-LNF:8-ESZ)| 8-ESZ Electrolyte|Anode Active (60:40 wt % NiO:8-ESZ)|NiO Anode Electrode cell stack suggest that the produced electrolytes had the usefully properties for SOFC applications.