Durability properties of concrete reinforced with steel-polypropylene hybrid fibers


KÖKSAL F. , GENÇEL O., Unal B., DURGUN M. Y.

SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS, vol.19, no.1, pp.19-27, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/secm.2011.0064
  • Title of Journal : SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS
  • Page Numbers: pp.19-27
  • Keywords: durability, hybrid fiber concrete, mechanical properties, polypropylene fiber, steel fiber, SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, HIGH-STRENGTH, WEAR-RESISTANCE, BEHAVIOR, IRRADIATION, PERFORMANCE

Abstract

In this study, some mechanical and durability properties of concrete specimens, with a water/cement (w/c) ratio of 0.47 and having a reference slump of 40 mm, produced by addition of steel fibers (SF) and/or polypropylene fibers (PF), were investigated. The additions of SF were 20 kg/m(3) and 40 kg/m(3) and PF additions were 0.3 kg/m(3) and 0.6 kg/m(3). Workability and unit weight tests were made on fresh concretes. Compressive stress, elastic modulus, and flexural tensile tests were performed on hardened concretes. Also, load-deflection curves and toughness indices were obtained during a three-point flexure tensile test. Freeze-thaw, abrasion and drying shrinkage tests were also carried out to determine the effects of SF and/or PF on some durability properties of concretes. It was observed that fiber inclusion to concrete decreases the workability and that the mechanical properties of concrete can be improved by the addition of fibers. Using hybrid fibers in the concrete both increases and decreases some mechanical properties of concrete. In order to see a greater effect of both SF and PF on the properties of concrete, different hybrid fiber volume fractions for different matrix strengths may be examined, since fiber type and fiber volume fractions are important parameters to be taken into account in the mix design of concrete for the performance