A quinoline-benzotriazole derivative: Synthesis, crystal structure and characterization by using spectroscopic, DFT and molecular docking methods

Himmi B., Brandán S. A., SERT Y., Ahmed Kawther A., Dege N., Berrin Cinar E., ...More

Results in Chemistry, vol.5, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.rechem.2023.100916
  • Journal Name: Results in Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Keywords: Antiviral, Benzotriazole, Crystal structure, DFT, Molecular docking, Quinoline
  • Yozgat Bozok University Affiliated: Yes


In this research, FT-IR, NMR (1H & 13C), mass spectrometry and single-crystal X-ray diffraction has been used to characterize the synthesized 5-((1H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-1-yl)methyl)quinolin-8-ol (DD2) derivative. B3LYP calculations with the 6-31G* and 6–311++G** basis sets have shown that the most stable C2 structure in gas phase and aqueous solution is in agreement with the experimental determined by X-ray diffraction. Higher dipole moments for C2 in aqueous solution, predicted with both methods, are probably related to its higher stability resulting higher volume contraction (ΔV −1.0 Å3) in solution with the B3LYP/6-31G* method. Similar behaviours in the Mulliken and NPA charges but different from MK charges are observed. Bond orders studies reveal that the O15-H16···N17 bonds are present in both media, as was experimentally observed in the solid state. MEP surfaces have evidenced nucleophilic sites on N of triazol ring while weak electrophilic ones on aromatic H of three rings being the H atom of OH the most labile. Gap values support a lower reactivity of C2 in solution, in agreement with the higher stability evidenced by AIM analyses. The higher electronic density on triazol ring could justify that C2 is unstable in solution, as revealed by NBO analyses. Complete assignments of 93 expected vibration normal modes of C2 and a set of scaled force constants were obtained in both media by using harmonic force fields. Comparisons between experimental and theoretical infrared and 1H- and 13C NMR spectra show reasonable concordances. Intermolecular interactions in the crystal packing of DD2 were studied by using Hirshfeld surface analysis. Furthermore, DD2 was investigated against two targets of SARS-CoV-2 (PDB ID: 6WCF and PDB ID: 6Y84) by using molecular docking studies. Finally, drug likeness and ADME properties of DD2 were researched and compared with hydroxychloroquine, remdesivir, oseltamivir, lopinavir, ritonavir molecules associated as SARS-CoV-2 inhibitors.