NONLINEAR DYNAMICS, vol.95, no.2, pp.983-994, 2019 (SCI-Expanded)
Interactions of bright solitons in the Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain, governed by a (2+1)-dimensional nonlinear Schrodinger equation with variable coefficients, are investigated theoretically. Analytical soliton solutions are derived by means of the Hirota bilinear method. Different scenarios of soliton propagation and interactions are illustrated. The influence of relevant parameters and variable coefficients of different function types on the soliton propagation and interactions is discussed. Solitons of different shapes in propagation, whose pulse widths and oscillation periods vary with the phase shift, are presented. The method for controlling the size of the phase shift is proposed. Furthermore, the fission solitons and the bound solitons, produced after their collisions, are displayed. Methods for controlling the number and amplitudes of fission solitons, the distance between solitons and the intensity of their interactions are put forward. Results in this paper will contribute to the effective control of solitons in the Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain system.